How Did Aristotle Think That Virtue Could Be Acquired?

What is Aristotle’s concept of the golden mean?

Moral behavior is the mean between two extremes – at one end is excess, at the other deficiency.

Find a moderate position between those two extremes, and you will be acting morally..

What is the meaning of good life according to Plato?

According to Plato, a ‘good-life’ is one that ensures the well being of a person (Eudaimonia). The well being can be ensured by a good state of the soul. A good state of the soul is either a product of good soul and doing what is good for the soul.

What is the relationship between pleasure and virtue according to Aristotle?

In conclusion, according to Aristotle, what is happiness? Happiness is not pleasure, nor is it virtue. It is the exercise of virtue. Happiness cannot be achieved until the end of one’s life.

What is the highest virtue according to Aristotle?

PrudencePrudence, also known as practical wisdom, is the most important virtue for Aristotle.

What is Aristotle’s concept of virtue?

Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.

Who is a virtuous person?

A virtuous person is a person who acts virtuously. A person acts virtuously if they “possess and live the virtues” A virtue is a moral characteristic that a person needs to live well.

How is a person’s character formed according to Aristotle?

Aristotle claims that character develops over time as one acquires habits from parents and community, first through reward and punishment. … Aristotle claims that one is partly responsible for one’s character, but he thereby raises the question whether one freely chooses one’s character.

What is pleasure according to Aristotle?

As Aristotle expresses it, pleasure is the natural accompaniment of unimpeded activity. Pleasure, as such, is neither good nor bad, but is something positive because the effect of pleasure perfects the exercise of that activity. Even so, Aristotle emphasizes that pleasure is not to be sought for its own sake.

What is the purpose of human life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle teaches that each man’s life has a purpose and that the function of one’s life is to attain that purpose. He explains that the purpose of life is earthly happiness or flourishing that can be achieved via reason and the acquisition of virtue.

How does Aristotle think that virtue can be acquired?

Virtues and vices are acquired by habit Intellectual virtue comes from teaching, but moral virtue comes from habit. This means that the two are acquired differently; intellectual virtue can be acquired by reading a book; moral virtue can be acquired only through practice.

How do we acquire virtue?

How does a person develop virtues? Virtues are developed through learning and through practice. As the ancient philosopher Aristotle suggested, a person can improve his or her character by practicing self-discipline, while a good character can be corrupted by repeated self-indulgence.

Who is the founder of virtue ethics?

In the West, virtue ethics’ founding fathers are Plato and Aristotle, and in the East it can be traced back to Mencius and Confucius.

What are the virtues according to Aristotle?

Aristotle follows Socrates and Plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life. Like Plato, he regards the ethical virtues (justice, courage, temperance and so on) as complex rational, emotional and social skills.

Why Virtue is a habit?

According to Aristotle, virtue is a habit: … The habit of virtue is not yet developed, but over time one becomes used to behaving virtuously and after a while one acts virtuously without needing to use volition. You have become virtuous—it’s now part of you and how you act.

What is the good life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle argues that what separates human beings from the other animals is the human reason. So the good life is one in which a person cultivates and exercises their rational faculties by, for instance, engaging in scientific inquiry, philosophical discussion, artistic creation, or legislation.

What are the 7 virtues in the Bible?

The Seven Heavenly Virtues: Faith, Hope, Charity, Fortitude, Justice, Temperance, Prudence.

What are the 12 virtues?

Aristotle’s 12 virtues: Courage – bravery. Temperance – moderation. Liberality – spending. Magnificence – charisma, style. Magnanimity – generosity. Ambition – pride. Patience – temper, calm. Friendliness – social IQ.More items…•

How can an action of man be considered a virtuous act according to Aristotle?

More explicitly, an action counts as virtuous, according to Aristotle, when one holds oneself in a stable equilibrium of the soul, in order to choose the action knowingly and for its own sake. This stable equilibrium of the soul is what constitutes character.

What do you call a person with no morals?

amoral / immoral When someone is immoral, they make decisions that purposely violate a moral agreement. Immoral is sometimes confused with amoral, which describes someone who has no morals and doesn’t know what right or wrong means.