Why is social contract theory important?
Specifically for law enforcement, social contract theory is important to justify the power that law enforcement can exert over the population as a whole (Evans and MacMillan, 2014).
The power imbalance, held by law enforcement, is part of the contract that society has agreed upon in exchange for security..
How does the social contract relate to our government?
The theory of an implicit social contract holds that by remaining in the territory controlled by some society, which usually has a government, people give consent to join that society and be governed by its government if any. This consent is what gives legitimacy to such a government.
Is the social contract a good thing?
The Social Contract is the most fundamental source of all that is good and that which we depend upon to live well. Our choice is either to abide by the terms of the contract, or return to the State of Nature, which Hobbes argues no reasonable person could possibly prefer.
What did Locke believe about the social contract?
John Locke’s version of social contract theory is striking in saying that the only right people give up in order to enter into civil society and its benefits is the right to punish other people for violating rights. No other rights are given up, only the right to be a vigilante.
How did the social contract impact society?
During the antebellum and Civil War periods, social contract theory was used by all sides. Enslavers used it to support states’ rights and succession, Whig party moderates upheld the social contract as a symbol of continuity in government, and abolitionists found support in Locke’s theories of natural rights.
Who influenced the social contract?
The classic social-contract theorists of the 17th and 18th centuries—Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679), John Locke (1632–1704), and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–78)—held that the social contract is the means by which civilized society, including government, arises from a historically or logically preexisting condition of …