What Was The Objective Of The Constitution Draft Completed In 1791 By The National Assembly In France?

Why did the French Constitutional Monarchy fail?

When the King used his veto powers to protect non-juring priests and refused to raise militias in defense of the revolutionary government, the constitutional monarchy proved unacceptable to radical revolutionaries and was effectively ended by the August 10 Insurrection..

How did the Constitution of 1791 reflect Enlightenment ideas?

The Constitution of 1791 set up a limited monarchy instead of a absolute monarchy. It reflected enlightenment ideas by ensuring equality for man and ending church interference with the government.

How did the Constitution of 1791 begin?

Constitution of 1791, French constitution created by the National Assembly during the French Revolution. It retained the monarchy, but sovereignty effectively resided in the Legislative Assembly, which was elected by a system of indirect voting.

What was the objective of the National Assembly of 1789?

On 20th June 1789, the representatives of the third estate assembled in the hall of indoor tennis court in the grounds of Versailles. They declared themselves a National Assembly and swore not to disperse till they drafted a constitution for France that would limit the power of monarch.

Why do we need a Constitution?

A Constitution is necessary because of the following reasons: It is an important law of the land. It determines the relationship of the citizens with the governments. It lays down principles and guidelines which are required for people belonging to different ethnic and religious groups to live in harmony.

What were the intentions of Constitution of 1791 drafted by the National Assembly?

The National Assembly completed the draft of the Constitution in 1791. (i) It declared France as a Constitutional monarchy. (iii) The National Assembly was given the power to make laws. (iv) To qualify as an elector, member of the assembly, a man had to belong to the highest bracket of taxpayers.

What are the features of National Assembly?

The constitution vested the power of making laws in the national assembly. –The members of the national assembly were indirectly elected;the citizens voted for a group of electors ,who in turn chose the assembly.

Why did the National Assembly fail?

The National Assembly was created amidst the turmoil of the Estates-General that Louis XVI called in 1789 to deal with the looming economic crisis in France. … Unfortunately, the three estates could not decide how to vote during the Estates-General and the meeting failed.

Why did members of the Third Estate form the National Assembly?

The Third Estate declared itself to be the National Assembly because they wanted the voting system to be fair and they would have the majority vote. When the king wanted the old ways, the third estate replied by making itself the National Assembly and drafted a new constitution.

Who declared themselves as the members of National Assembly?

SieyèsOn 17 June 1789, the Communes approved the motion made by Sieyès that declared themselves the National Assembly by a vote of 490 to 90. The Third Estate now believed themselves to be a legitimate authority equal to that of the King.

What were the main features of the constitution of 1791 framed by the National Assembly in France?

Features of the Constitution of 1791 framed by the National Assembly : (i) Limit the power of the Monarch. (ii) Powers were separated to different institutions – the Legislature, Executive and the Judiciary. (iii) Constitutional monarchy was introduced.

Who wrote the Constitution of 1791?

the National Constituent AssemblyThe Constitution of 1791 was drafted by the National Constituent Assembly and passed in September 1791. It was France’s first attempt at a written national constitution. 2. The Assembly delegated the task of drafting the constitution to a special constitutional committee.

What are three main features of French Constitution in 1791?

1)The king came under the supervision of the government and France became a Constitutional Monarchy. 2)Feudal System was Abolished. 3)The nobility and clergy were stripped off from their privileges. 4)Power to make laws was vested in the National Assembly.

Who was eligible to vote under the Constitution 1791?

The franchise was restricted to “active” citizens who paid a minimal sum in taxes; about two-thirds of adult men had the right to vote for electors and to choose certain local officials directly. The constitution lasted less than a year.